King penguin census data, Gadget Gully, Macquarie Island (1993-2008)
iOBIS and Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Raymond, B. 2011. King penguin census data, Gadget Gully, Macquarie Island (1993-2008). Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/103151430) on yyyy-mm-dd and originated from iOBIS (http:www.iobis.org).
Halpin, P.N., A.J. Read, E. Fujioka, B.D. Best, B. Donnelly, L.J. Hazen, C. Kot, K. Urian, E. LaBrecque, A. Dimatteo, J. Cleary, C. Good, L.B. Crowder, and K.D. Hyrenbach. 2009. OBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions. Oceanography. 22(2):104-115.
Ground counts of King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicuseggs, chicks, fledglings and adults at Gadget Gully on Macquarie Island (1993-2008 incomplete). Counts were obtained in the field by observers at Gadget gully. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when blubber oil fuelled house lamps, the king penguin population at Macquarie Island was reduced from two very large (perhaps hundreds of thousands of birds) colonies to about 3000 birds. One colony, located on the isthmus when the island was discovered in 1810, was extinct by 1894 and it took about 100 years for king penguins to re-establish a viable breeding population there. Here we document this recovery. The first eggs laid at Gadget Gully on the isthmus were recorded in late February 1995 but in subsequent years egg laying took place earlier between November and February (this temporal discontinuity is a consequence of king penguin breeding behaviour). The first chick was hatched in April 1995 but the first fledging was not raised until the following breeding season in October 1996. The colony increased on average 66% per annum in the five years between 1995 and 2000. King penguins appear resilient to catastrophic population reductions, and as the island's population increases, it is likely that other previously abandoned breeding sites will be reoccupied.
Original data obtained from http://data.aad.gov.au/digir/DiGIR.php and registered into iOBIS on 2009-05-18. This dataset on OBIS-SEAMAP is a subset of marine mammal, seabird and/or sea turtle records from the dataset on iOBIS (Total number of records: 607) harvested into OBIS-SEAMAP on 2011-10-11
. . Tipping back the balance: recolonization of the Macquarie Island isthmus by king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) following extermination for human gain John van den Hoff, Clive R. McMahon and Iain Field Antarctic Science , First View article doi:10.1017/S0954102009001898, Published Online by Cambridge University Press 10 Mar 2009.
Data on iOBIS. 2009. http://iobis.org/mapper/?resource_id=1430. obtained on 2011-10-11.
Original data source. . http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/display_collection.cfm?collection_id=137. obtained on 2009-05-27.
Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
The attributes of this dataset are compatible with the OBIS Schema, then reformatted to the OBIS-SEAMAP schema. If you would like to get the data in the OBIS Schema, please visit iOBIS Portal.
Attributes in dataset provided
|Rays and sharks||0|
|Latitude||-54.51 - -54.51|
|Longitude||158.93 - 158.93|
|Coord. prec.||3 decimal digits|
|Data type||Animal sighting|
|Sharing policy||CC-BY (All)|
|Also availalbe from||None|
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