NMML Small Cetacean Aerial Survey 1999
National Marine Mammal Laboratory

Dataset credit

National Marine Mammal Laboratory

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Roderick Hobbs National Marine Mammal Laboratory
Data entry Kimberly Goetz Duke University

Citation

Abstract

The National Marine Mammal Laboratory (NMML) conducted an aerial survey for small cetaceans from 5 June to 4 July, 1999 in Bristol Bay and along southwestern Alaska Peninsula (out to the 1,829 m [1,000 fm] depth contour). A total of 8,522 km were surveyed in a Dehavilland Twin Otter at 152.5 m (500 ft) altitude and 185 km/hr (100 kts). Two overlapping sawtooth lines were designed along the coastline of Bristol Bay. Both sides of each sawtooth were approximately 37 km with a 46 km base. Large bays were also included in the survey. Primary observers searched through bubble windows on the left and right sides of the aircraft and reported sightings to a computer operator. To estimate a perception bias correction factor for this study, an independent observer was added at a belly window position to determine the number of animals in the immediate vicinity of the trackline that were missed by the primary observers. There were 215 sightings of harbor porpoise (260 individuals), 12 Dall's porpoise (24 individuals), and 16 Pacific white-sided dolphins (170 individuals) while surveying tracklines. Additional cetacean sightings included 12 gray whales (13 individuals), 18 humpback whales (29 individuals), 8 minke whales (13 individuals), and 3 killer whales (11 individuals).

Purpose

The current study (1997-1999) will provide new abundance estimates for each stock of harbor porpoise and Dall's porpoise.
Although the previous harbor porpoise surveys (1991-1993) used a vessel platform for the inside waters of southeast Alaska (Dahlheim et al. 1992, 1993, 1994), the current survey was conducted entirely from aircraft. However, a concurrent vessel survey in a selected portion of southeastern Alaska and a calibration study with the survey vessel. We report here the results from the third year of surveys (1999).
References:
Dahlheim, M., A. York, J. Waite, and C. Goebel-Diaz. 1992. Abundance and distribution of harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in southeast Alaska, Cook Inlet and Bristol Bay. Annual report to the MMPA Assessment Program, Office of Protected Resources, NMFS, NOAA, 1335 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910.
Dahlheim, M., A. York, J. Waite, and R. Towell. 1993. Abundance and distribution of harbor porpoise (Phocoena
phocoena
) in southeast Alaska, Kodiak Island, and the south side of the Alaska Peninsula, 1992. Annual report to the MMPA Assessment Program, Office of Protected Resources, NMFS, NOAA, 1335 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910.
Dahlheim, M., A. York, J. Waite, and R. Towell. 1994. Abundance and distribution of harbor porpoise (Phocoena
phocoena
) in southeast Alaska and the offshore waters of Dixon Entrance to Prince William Sound, 1993. Annual report to the MMPA Assessment Program, Office of Protected Resources, NMFS, NOAA, 1335 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910.

Supplemental information

N/A

References

Attributes

Overview

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Only minimum required attributes are visible and downlodable online. Other attributes may be obtained upon provider's permission unless otherwise noted below.

Attributes in dataset provided

Attribute (table column)Description
date
time
latitude
longitude
count
speciesSpecies observed
oidUnique ID number (generated by SEAMAP)
OBIS-SEAMAP ID117
Seabirds0
Marine mammals434
Sea turtles0
Rays and sharks0
Other species0
Non spatial2
Non species0
Total436
Date, Begin1999-06-11
Date, End1999-07-04
Temporal prec.111111
Latitude53.93 - 59.07
Longitude-164.77 - -157.07
Coord. prec.4 decimal digits
PlatformPlane
Data typeAnimal sighting
EffortYES (ID: 118)
Traveled (km)8,320
Effort hours46
Registered2004-06-10
Updated2013-08-13
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY-NC (Minimum)
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