MMS Ship Survey, PNW 1989
Minerals Management Service
Ford, G. and J. Casey. 2013. MMS Ship Survey, PNW 1989. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/42) on yyyy-mm-dd.
Halpin, P.N., A.J. Read, E. Fujioka, B.D. Best, B. Donnelly, L.J. Hazen, C. Kot, K. Urian, E. LaBrecque, A. Dimatteo, J. Cleary, C. Good, L.B. Crowder, and K.D. Hyrenbach. 2009. OBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions. Oceanography. 22(2):104-115.
This dataset is from the Oregon and Washington marine mammal and seabird surveys studies: Oregon/Washington ship [bird and mammal observations] study code: MF, Contract number: 14-12-0001-30426, Principal investigators: G. A. Green, Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, Washington, M. L. Bonnell and K. T. Briggs, Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, Oregon.
Time period: April 1989 through October 1990
Study area: Pacific Ocean waters of Oregon and Washington from the coast to approximately 60 nautical miles offshore.
Methodology: Aerial surveys were conducted along 32 pre-established transects designed to systematically sample marine mammal and seabird abundance in all waters of the study area. Coastal surveys and one shelf break survey were also conducted. Standard transects provided systematic coverage of shelf, slope, and offshore waters in the study area. Sightings of seabirds, pinnipeds, cetaceans, and turtles were recorded. Seabird sightings were recorded only on the shaded side of the aircraft within a strip transect of 50 m width. Marine mammal and turtle sightings were recorded within an unbounded corridor. Declination angle was measured and noted for each marine mammal/turtle sightings and later used to calculate a probability density function of frequency with right-angle sighting distance. Navigation was by Loran and VLF-Omega. One ship survey was also conducted from aboard the NOAA ship Miller Freeman during August 1989.
Databases produced: 1) sightings of seabirds and marine mammals on 12 aerial surveys and one ship cruise, and 2) sightings of cetaceans on 12 aerial surveys and one ship cruise.
Objectives of the study were to review and analyze all available literature and databases concerning marine mammal and seabird diversity, distribution, and abundance in the Oregon-Washington coastal and offshore areas, to conduct field surveys over a 18-month period, and to prepare reports summarizing the findings.
Green, G. A., J. J. Breuggeman, C. E. Bowlby, R. A. Grotefendt, M. L. Bonnell, and K. T. Balcomb, III. 1991. Cetacean distribution and abundance off Oregon and Washington, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 100 pp.
Bonnell, M. L, C. E. Bowlby, and G. A. Green. 1991. Pinniped distribution and abundance off Oregon and Washington, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 60 pp.
Briggs, K. T., D. H. Varoujean, W. W. Williams, R. Glenn Ford, M. L. Bonnell, and J. L. Casey. 1991. Seabirds of the Oregon and Washington OCS, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 164 pp.
Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.
Attributes in dataset provided
|Rays and sharks||5|
|Latitude||40.83 - 49.92|
|Longitude||-127.85 - -124.04|
|Coord. prec.||5 decimal digits|
|Data type||Animal sighting|
|Sharing policy||CC-BY-NC (Minimum)|
|Also availalbe from||
|See metadata in static HTML|
|See metadata in FGDC XML|
|See download history / statistics|