MMS Ship Survey, PNW 1989
Minerals Management Service

Dataset credit

Minerals Management Service

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Glenn Ford
Primary contact Janet Casey N/A
Data entry Benjamin Best Duke University

Citation

Abstract

This dataset is from the Oregon and Washington marine mammal and seabird surveys studies: Oregon/Washington ship [bird and mammal observations] study code: MF, Contract number: 14-12-0001-30426, Principal investigators: G. A. Green, Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, Washington, M. L. Bonnell and K. T. Briggs, Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, Oregon.

Time period: April 1989 through October 1990

Study area: Pacific Ocean waters of Oregon and Washington from the coast to approximately 60 nautical miles offshore.

Methodology: Aerial surveys were conducted along 32 pre-established transects designed to systematically sample marine mammal and seabird abundance in all waters of the study area. Coastal surveys and one shelf break survey were also conducted. Standard transects provided systematic coverage of shelf, slope, and offshore waters in the study area. Sightings of seabirds, pinnipeds, cetaceans, and turtles were recorded. Seabird sightings were recorded only on the shaded side of the aircraft within a strip transect of 50 m width. Marine mammal and turtle sightings were recorded within an unbounded corridor. Declination angle was measured and noted for each marine mammal/turtle sightings and later used to calculate a probability density function of frequency with right-angle sighting distance. Navigation was by Loran and VLF-Omega. One ship survey was also conducted from aboard the NOAA ship Miller Freeman during August 1989.
Databases produced: 1) sightings of seabirds and marine mammals on 12 aerial surveys and one ship cruise, and 2) sightings of cetaceans on 12 aerial surveys and one ship cruise.

Purpose

Objectives of the study were to review and analyze all available literature and databases concerning marine mammal and seabird diversity, distribution, and abundance in the Oregon-Washington coastal and offshore areas, to conduct field surveys over a 18-month period, and to prepare reports summarizing the findings.

Supplemental information

N/A

References

Green, G. A., J. J. Breuggeman, C. E. Bowlby, R. A. Grotefendt, M. L. Bonnell, and K. T. Balcomb, III. 1991. Cetacean distribution and abundance off Oregon and Washington, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 100 pp.
Bonnell, M. L, C. E. Bowlby, and G. A. Green. 1991. Pinniped distribution and abundance off Oregon and Washington, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 60 pp.
Briggs, K. T., D. H. Varoujean, W. W. Williams, R. Glenn Ford, M. L. Bonnell, and J. L. Casey. 1991. Seabirds of the Oregon and Washington OCS, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR, for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region. OCS Study MMS. 91-0093. 164 pp.

Attributes

Overview

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Only minimum required attributes are visible and downlodable online. Other attributes may be obtained upon provider's permission unless otherwise noted below.

This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.

Attributes in dataset provided

Attribute (table column)Description
idID
studyStudy code
platformPlatform code
on_On (Y) or off (N) effort
effdateeffort date
date_0Date in original format
dateDate of the observation
time_0Time in original format
timeTime of the observation
speciesSpecies name
species_codeSpecies code
numberGroup size
latLatitude in decimal degrees
lonLongitude in decimal degrees
widthWidth of the transect
newbornsNumber of calves
malesNumber of males
femalesNumber of females
ageAge
sexSex
plumagePlumage
assocAssociation
directionDirection
group_Group size
behaviorBehavior code
altitudeAltitude in feet
declineDecline
distanceDistance
perpdistdefinition not provided
reldirdefinition not provided
distcodedefinition not provided
commentComments
weatherWeather code
cloudsCloud code
windWind
seastatusSea status
glaredirGlare direction
glareGlare
seatempSea temperature (-99: not available)
recordRecord No.
geomGeometry field added by OBIS-SEAMAP
oidUnique ID number (generated by OBIS-SEAMAP)
OBIS-SEAMAP ID42
Seabirds5,422
Marine mammals41
Sea turtles1
Rays and sharks5
Other species321
Non spatial0
Non species0
Total5,790
Date, Begin1989-08-02
Date, End1989-08-21
Temporal prec.111111
Latitude40.83 - 49.92
Longitude-127.85 - -124.04
Coord. prec.5 decimal digits
PlatformBoat
Data typeAnimal sighting
EffortN/A
Registered2006-03-21
Updated2013-11-25
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY-NC (Minimum)
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1