Antarctic Environmental Data Centre, British Antarctic Survey
Campbell, H. 2015. BIOMASS 1980-1985. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/75) on yyyy-mm-dd.
Halpin, P.N., A.J. Read, E. Fujioka, B.D. Best, B. Donnelly, L.J. Hazen, C. Kot, K. Urian, E. LaBrecque, A. Dimatteo, J. Cleary, C. Good, L.B. Crowder, and K.D. Hyrenbach. 2009. OBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions. Oceanography. 22(2):104-115.
The Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks (BIOMASS) Programme was established in the late 1970's for the study of the Antarctic marine ecosystem and its living resources (Thorley, online resource). Data were collected during 3 major field experiments between 1981 and 1985, divided into two periods: First International BIOMASS Experiment (FIBEX) in 1980-1981, and the Second International BIOMASS Experiment (SIBEX) in 1983-1985.
In total 34 cruises were carried out (El-Sayed, online resource), of which 21 cruises were gathered in this data set. This data set provides sea-bird observation collected in the cruises.
For full citation information, see [Cross Reference].
The main objective of BIOMASS was to gain a deeper understanding of the structure and dynamic functioning of the Antarctic marine ecosystem as a basis for the future management of potential living resources (El-Sayed, online resource), with the particular focus on krill. Specifically, FIBEX was aimed at carrying out a quasi-synoptic survey over a wide area the South Atlantic, Indian Ocean and Pacific sectors of the Southern Ocean. SIBEX was designed to produce a temporal sequence of observations focused on much smaller areas of the Bransfield Strait and Prydz Bay regions (Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure, online resource).
Sea-birds data were collected as supporting data to krill.
For further detail, you are referred to El-Sayed (1994).
For full citation information, see [Cross Reference].
2015-11-17: The record with animal count = 0 (Bird, 1985-01-16 20:27:00) was changed to presence-only sighting (animal count is null).
When interested in a certain cruise, make a query for 'CRUISE' field.
El-Sayed, S. Unknown. History and accomplishments of the international biological investigations of marine Antarctic systems and stocks (biomass) program.
El-Sayed, S (editor). 1994. Southern Ocean Ecology: The BIOMASS Perspective.
Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure. Unknown. Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks (BIOMASS) Data Set.
Biomass Working Party on Bird Ecology. 1992. Recording distribution and abundance of seabirds at sea in the Southern Ocean: Methods used in the BIOMASS programme. Marine Ornithology. 20: 51-59.
BIOMASS. 1979. Antarctic krill biology. First Report of the Working Party on Krill Biology. BIOMASS Report Series. 10.
BIOMASS. 1981. Methods for the Transmission of Data to the Post-FIBEX Data Interpretation Workshop. BIOMASS Handbook. 16.
BIOMASS. 1981. Workshop on the Identification of EArly Life Stages of Antarctic Fishes. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 19.
BIOMASS. 1981. Post-FIBEX Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 20.
BIOMASS. 1982. Recording observations of birds at sea. BIOMASS Working Party on Bird Ecology. BIOMASS Handbook. 18.
BIOMASS. 1981. Post FIBEX Data Workshop: Sea-bird Ecology. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 22.
BIOMASS. 1982. Report of the BIOMASS Scientific Advisory Group for SIBEX. BIOMASS Report Series. 23.
BIOMASS. 1982. Report of the third meeting of the BIOMASS Techinical Group on Programme Implementation and Coordination. BIOMASS Report Series. 29.
BIOMASS. 1982. First Post-FIBEX Hydrographic Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 30.
BIOMASS. 1983. Second Post-FIBEX Hydrographic Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 31.
BIOMASS. 1984. Meeting of Working Party on Acoustics to Prepare for Post-FIBEX Acoustic Workshop, 1984. Report of the Working Party. BIOMASS Report Series. 37.
BIOMASS. 1985. FIBEX Sea-bird Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 44.
BIOMASS. 1986. Post-FIBEX Acoustic Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 40.
BIOMASS. 1986. Post-SIBEX Fish Data Evaluation Workshop: Phase 1, Validation. Report of teh workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 52.
BIOMASS. 1987. Post-SIBEX Fish Data Evaluation Workshop: Phase 2, Evaluation. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 54.
BIOMASS. 1987. SIBEX Physical Oceanography Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 62.
BIOMASS. 1989. SIBEX Acoustic Data Validation and Analysis Workshop. Chaiman's Report. BIOMASS Report Series. 58.
BIOMASS. 1990. SIBEX Acoustic Data Validation and Analysis Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 65.
BIOMASS. 1991. Non-Acoustic Krill Data Analysis Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 66.
Cooper, J. 1993. Consumption of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) by seabirds dudring summer in the Prydz Bay region, Antarctica. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Everson, I. 1993. Report of an examination of the acoustic data from RV Eduardo L. Holmberg collected during the FIBEX study. Document WG-Krill-93/20.
Greene, C. H. 1990. Acoustic estimates of Antarctic Krill. Nature. 349: 110.
Hecht, T. 1987. A Guide to the Otoliths of Southern Ocean Fishes. S. Afr. J. Antarct. Res. 17: 1-87.
Hunt, G. L. 1993. Marine ornitbology in the sourthern Drake Passage and Bransfield Strait during the BIOMASS programme. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Morris, D. J. 1988. An assessment of the merits of length and weight measurements of Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 79: 27-50.
North, A. W. 1989. Key to the Early Stages of Antarctic Fish. BIOMASS Scientific Series. 10.
Priddle, J. 1993. Pattern and variability of phytoplankton biomass in the Antarctic Peninsula region. - an assessment of the BIOMASS cruises. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Thorley, M. R. 1993. The history of the BIOMASS Data Centre and lessons learned during its lifetime. Souther Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Tranthan, P. N. 1993. Krill biomass in Area 48 and Area 58: Recalculation of FIBEX data. Selected Scientific Papers, 1992 (SC-CAMLR-SSP/9). 157-181.
Trathan, P. N. 1993. Status of the FIBEX acoustic data for the west Atlantic. Document WG-Krill-93/31.
Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Attributes from [FID] to [BIOMASS_ID] are applied to the shapefile only. Database columns are identical among all cruises but in some cruises, some columns were not recorded, thus left blank.
Attributes in dataset provided
|Rays and sharks||0|
|Latitude||-77.70 - -37.50|
|Longitude||25.05 - 359.23|
|Coord. prec.||4 decimal digits|
|Data type||Animal sighting|
|Sharing policy||CC-BY-NC (Minimum)|
|Also availalbe from||iOBIS|
|See metadata in static HTML|
|See metadata in FGDC XML|
|See download history / statistics|