BIOMASS 1980-1985
Dr. S.Z. El-Sayed

Dataset credit

Antarctic Environmental Data Centre, British Antarctic Survey

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Helen Campbell N/A
Data entry Benjamin Best Duke University
Data entry Ei Fujioka Duke University

Citation

Abstract

The Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks (BIOMASS) Programme was established in the late 1970's for the study of the Antarctic marine ecosystem and its living resources (Thorley, online resource). Data were collected during 3 major field experiments between 1981 and 1985, divided into two periods: First International BIOMASS Experiment (FIBEX) in 1980-1981, and the Second International BIOMASS Experiment (SIBEX) in 1983-1985.
In total 34 cruises were carried out (El-Sayed, online resource), of which 21 cruises were gathered in this data set. This data set provides sea-bird observation collected in the cruises.

Reference
For full citation information, see [Cross Reference].

Purpose

The main objective of BIOMASS was to gain a deeper understanding of the structure and dynamic functioning of the Antarctic marine eco­system as a basis for the future management of potential living resources (El-Sayed, online resource), with the particular focus on krill. Specifically, FIBEX was aimed at carrying out a quasi-synoptic survey over a wide area the South Atlantic, Indian Ocean and Pacific sectors of the Southern Ocean. SIBEX was designed to produce a temporal sequence of observations focused on much smaller areas of the Bransfield Strait and Prydz Bay regions (Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure, online resource).
Sea-birds data were collected as supporting data to krill.
For further detail, you are referred to El-Sayed (1994).

Reference
For full citation information, see [Cross Reference].

Supplemental information

2015-11-17: The record with animal count = 0 (Bird, 1985-01-16 20:27:00) was changed to presence-only sighting (animal count is null).

When interested in a certain cruise, make a query for 'CRUISE' field.

References

El-Sayed, S (editor). 1994. Southern Ocean Ecology: The BIOMASS Perspective.
BIOMASS. 1979. Antarctic krill biology. First Report of the Working Party on Krill Biology. BIOMASS Report Series. 10.
BIOMASS. 1981. Methods for the Transmission of Data to the Post-FIBEX Data Interpretation Workshop. BIOMASS Handbook. 16.
BIOMASS. 1981. Workshop on the Identification of EArly Life Stages of Antarctic Fishes. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 19.
BIOMASS. 1981. Post-FIBEX Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 20.
BIOMASS. 1982. Recording observations of birds at sea. BIOMASS Working Party on Bird Ecology. BIOMASS Handbook. 18.
BIOMASS. 1981. Post FIBEX Data Workshop: Sea-bird Ecology. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 22.
BIOMASS. 1982. Report of the BIOMASS Scientific Advisory Group for SIBEX. BIOMASS Report Series. 23.
BIOMASS. 1982. Report of the third meeting of the BIOMASS Techinical Group on Programme Implementation and Coordination. BIOMASS Report Series. 29.
BIOMASS. 1982. First Post-FIBEX Hydrographic Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 30.
BIOMASS. 1983. Second Post-FIBEX Hydrographic Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 31.
BIOMASS. 1984. Meeting of Working Party on Acoustics to Prepare for Post-FIBEX Acoustic Workshop, 1984. Report of the Working Party. BIOMASS Report Series. 37.
BIOMASS. 1985. FIBEX Sea-bird Data Interpretation Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 44.
BIOMASS. 1986. Post-FIBEX Acoustic Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 40.
BIOMASS. 1986. Post-SIBEX Fish Data Evaluation Workshop: Phase 1, Validation. Report of teh workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 52.
BIOMASS. 1987. Post-SIBEX Fish Data Evaluation Workshop: Phase 2, Evaluation. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 54.
BIOMASS. 1987. SIBEX Physical Oceanography Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 62.
BIOMASS. 1989. SIBEX Acoustic Data Validation and Analysis Workshop. Chaiman's Report. BIOMASS Report Series. 58.
BIOMASS. 1990. SIBEX Acoustic Data Validation and Analysis Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 65.
BIOMASS. 1991. Non-Acoustic Krill Data Analysis Workshop. Report of the workshop. BIOMASS Report Series. 66.
Cooper, J. 1993. Consumption of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) by seabirds dudring summer in the Prydz Bay region, Antarctica. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Everson, I. 1993. Report of an examination of the acoustic data from RV Eduardo L. Holmberg collected during the FIBEX study. Document WG-Krill-93/20.
Greene, C. H. 1990. Acoustic estimates of Antarctic Krill. Nature. 349: 110.
Hecht, T. 1987. A Guide to the Otoliths of Southern Ocean Fishes. S. Afr. J. Antarct. Res. 17: 1-87.
Hunt, G. L. 1993. Marine ornitbology in the sourthern Drake Passage and Bransfield Strait during the BIOMASS programme. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Morris, D. J. 1988. An assessment of the merits of length and weight measurements of Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 79: 27-50.
North, A. W. 1989. Key to the Early Stages of Antarctic Fish. BIOMASS Scientific Series. 10.
Priddle, J. 1993. Pattern and variability of phytoplankton biomass in the Antarctic Peninsula region. - an assessment of the BIOMASS cruises. Southern Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Thorley, M. R. 1993. The history of the BIOMASS Data Centre and lessons learned during its lifetime. Souther Ocean Ecology - The BIOMASS Perspective.
Tranthan, P. N. 1993. Krill biomass in Area 48 and Area 58: Recalculation of FIBEX data. Selected Scientific Papers, 1992 (SC-CAMLR-SSP/9). 157-181.
Trathan, P. N. 1993. Status of the FIBEX acoustic data for the west Atlantic. Document WG-Krill-93/31.

Attributes

Overview

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Only minimum required attributes are visible and downlodable online. Other attributes may be obtained upon provider's permission unless otherwise noted below.

Attributes from [FID] to [BIOMASS_ID] are applied to the shapefile only. Database columns are identical among all cruises but in some cruises, some columns were not recorded, thus left blank.

Attributes in dataset provided

Attribute (table column)Description
lineno
cruise
date
time
latitude
longitude
species_code
species_tsn
species
common
age
distance
observer
shipact
total
counttype
onwater
onice
onship
accomp
follow
passing
feeding
weather
airtemp
winddir
windspd
pressure
cloudcvr
cloudtyp
humidity
windforc
visibility
surftemp
topsalin
ice
seastate
transpar
od
oid
OBIS-SEAMAP ID75
Seabirds16,647
Marine mammals0
Sea turtles0
Rays and sharks0
Other species61
Non spatial0
Non species19
Total16,727
Date, Begin1980-11-14
Date, End1985-03-08
Temporal prec.111111
Latitude-77.70 - -37.50
Longitude25.05 - 359.23
Coord. prec.4 decimal digits
PlatformBoat
Data typeAnimal sighting
EffortN/A
Registered2006-03-21
Updated2015-11-17
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY-NC (Minimum)
Also availalbe from iOBIS
See metadata in static HTML
See metadata in FGDC XML
See download history / statistics
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