Ascension Island green turtles migrations
Paolo Luschi, University of Pisa, Italy; Graeme Hays, Swansea University, UK; and Susanne Akesson, und University, Sweden

Dataset credit

Paolo Luschi, University of Pisa, Italy; Graeme Hays, Swansea University, UK; and Susanne Akesson, und University, Sweden

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Paolo Luschi University of Pisa
Data entry Connie Kot Duke University

Citation

Abstract

Previous tagging studies of the movements of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) nesting at Ascension Island have shown that they shuttle between this remote target in the Atlantic Ocean and their feeding grounds on the Brazilian coast, a distance of 2300 km or more. Since knowledge of sea turtle migration routes might allow inferences on the still unknown navigational mechanisms of marine animals, we tracked the postnesting migration of six green turtle females from Ascension Island to Brazil. Five of them reached the proximity of the easternmost stretch of the Brazilian coast, covering 1777-2342 km in 33-47 days. Their courses were impressively similar for the first 1000 km, with three turtles tracked over different dates following indistinguishable paths for the first 300 km. Only the sixth turtle made some relatively short trips in different directions around Ascension. The tracks show that turtles (i) are able to maintain straight courses over long distances in the open sea; (ii) may perform exploratory movements in different directions; (iii) appropriately correct their course during the journey according to external information; and (iv) initially keep the same direction as the west-south-westerly flowing current, possibly guided by chemical cues.

Purpose

Luschi et al. (1998) reconstructed the routes followed by turtles leaving the island for their postnesting migration, to evaluate their navigational performance. This would then allow a re-examination of the hypotheses so far proposed about the navigational
system used by these turtles to pinpoint Ascension, assuming that the same mechanisms guide the postnesting migration as well. Results show that Ascension turtles use information picked up en route to adjust their migratory course, and suggest that current-borne cues, probably of a chemical nature, may be involved in this process for at least part of the journey.

Papi et al. (2000) reports the results of an experiment aimed to test the geomagnetic hypothesis by applying a magnetic disturbance to Ascension turtles returning to Brazil. If this disturbance were to impair the orientation of the turtles, this interesting hypothesis would receive its first experimental
support. However, the results obtained show that magnetic cues are not essential for oceanic navigation by adult
turtles migrating to Brazil.

Supplemental information

N/A

References

Attributes

Overview

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Only minimum required attributes are visible and downlodable online. Other attributes may be obtained upon provider's permission unless otherwise noted below.

This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.

Attributes in dataset provided

Attribute (table column)Description
oidUnique ID (created by OBIS-SEAMAP)
recidRecord ID
tag_idTag ID
fixno
obs_countNumber of animals
sp_obsSpecies observed
sp_tsnSpecies ITIS TSN
yearYear of observation
datetime1Original date and time
obs_dateDate of observation
obs_timeTime of observation
lcLocation class
latitudeLatitude of observation
longitudeLongitude of observation
sexSex of animal
age_classAge class of animal (adult or juvenile)
countryCountry where sea turtle was tagged
beachNesting beach where sea turtle was tagged
notesNotes
cite1Citation 1
cite2Citation 2
OBIS-SEAMAP ID994
Seabirds0
Marine mammals0
Sea turtles1,689
Rays and sharks0
Other species0
Non spatial0
Non species0
Total1,689
Date, Begin1997-04-27
Date, End1998-08-20
Temporal prec.111111
Latitude-12.76 - -5.16
Longitude-38.17 - -12.45
Coord. prec.3 decimal digits
PlatformTag
Data typeTelemetry location
TracklinesYES (ID: 995)
Contr. throughSEAMAP_TO_SWOT
Registered2013-07-31
Updated2013-12-28
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY (Minimum)
Also availalbe from iOBIS
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