WADFW PSAMP S1993
Evenson, J. and D. Kraege. 2013. WADFW PSAMP S1993. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/230) on yyyy-mm-dd.
Halpin, P.N., A.J. Read, E. Fujioka, B.D. Best, B. Donnelly, L.J. Hazen, C. Kot, K. Urian, E. LaBrecque, A. Dimatteo, J. Cleary, C. Good, L.B. Crowder, and K.D. Hyrenbach. 2009. OBIS-SEAMAP: The world data center for marine mammal, sea bird, and sea turtle distributions. Oceanography. 22(2):104-115.
The metadata edits are in progress. Please contact the contact person for detail.
Aerial surveys of marine birds have been conducted annually since 1992 by the Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP) staff during both a summer (July) and a winter (December to early February) survey window, sampling some part of every portion of the marine shoreline of the inner marine waters of Washington state by two strata: nearshore (< 20 meters in depth) and offshore (> 20 meters in depth).
The datasets are split by season (summer or winter) and year.
The purpose of this program is to monitor population trends of either summer or winter resident species rather than migrations around Puget Sound.
[2020-09-30] The following invalid species names were corrected according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Bonaparte's Gull: Larus philadelphia (176839) => Chroicocephalus philadelphia (824040)
Caspian Tern: Sterna caspia (176924) => Hydroprogne caspia (176935)
Anas oustaleti (202228) => Anas platyrhynchos (175063)
Wandering Tattler: Heteroscelus incanus (176635) => Tringa incana (176630)
Data correction Mar 17, 2006:
Wrong ITIS number for Unidentified Sea Lion
180623 -> 180615
Data correction Mar 14, 2006:
Wrong ITIS number for Unidentified [Large|Small] Gulls
180297 -> 176802
The nearshore strata were sampled in two fashions:
1)in nearshore habitat that was relatively narrow, the plane flew parallel to the shoreline generally 100 meters from the high tide line;
2)in nearshore habitat with broad extensive shallow areas such as river estuaries, the plane flew in an S-pattern to sample a larger proportion of the habitat available in that locality. The offshore strata were sampled in a crisscross pattern that zigzagged back and forth across depth contours, with an attempt made to cut across most all banks and similar major underwater bathymetric features. There was no attempt made to survey during the same tidal stage in these areas.
The survey always began in the southernmost study areas and proceeded to the northern portions; therefore the same areas were usually sampled during the same time of month each year, give or take a week. The last two summer surveys (1997-98) did not include the southern and central portions of Puget Sound, due to budget cuts. These areas were chosen to be continued on a less frequent basis because low and consistent numbers of birds were seen there during the July survey window in the previous five summer surveys.
Effort data is provided in separate files.
Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.
Attributes in dataset provided
|Rays and sharks||0|
|Latitude||47.04 - 49.02|
|Longitude||-124.65 - -122.20|
|Coord. prec.||6 decimal digits|
|Data type||Animal sighting|
|Effort||YES (ID: 251)|
|Sharing policy||CC-BY-NC (Minimum)|
|Also available from||iOBIS|
|See metadata in static HTML|
|See metadata in FGDC XML|
|See download history / statistics|