Passive acoustic monitoring of killer whales in the northern Gulf of Alaska

Hannah Myers

Dataset credit

Hannah Myers, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Hannah Myers University of Alaska Fairbanks
Data entry Ei Fujioka Duke University

Citation

Abstract

Killer whales (Orcinus orca) are top predators throughout the world’s oceans. In the North Pacific, the species is divided into three ecotypes—resident (fish-eating), transient (mammal-eating), and offshore (largely shark-eating)—that are genetically and acoustically distinct and have unique roles in the marine ecosystem. We deployed hydrophones in the northern Gulf of Alaska to examine the year-round distribution of killer whales from 2016 to 2020 using passive acoustic monitoring. Highest year-round acoustic presence occurred in Montague Strait, with strong seasonal patterns in Hinchinbrook Entrance and Resurrection Bay. Passive acoustic monitoring revealed that both resident and transient killer whales used these areas much more extensively than previously known and provided novel insights into high use locations and times for each population. These results may be driven by seasonal foraging opportunities and social factors, and have management implications for this species.

Purpose

Year-round passive acoustic monitoring of killer whales

Supplemental information

This dataset presents killer whale presence or absence based on acoustic detection.
The locations of the stationary acoustic devices are approximate.

Passive acoustic monitoring efforts were done during the following periods:
Montague Strait
Hanning Bay 10/1/2016 - 1/31/2017
Little Bay 9/14/2017- 5/7/2018
Little Bay 5/15/2018 - 9/17/2018
Little Bay 10/1/2018 - 9/24/2019
Little Bay 09/27/2019 - 5/31/2020

Hinchinbrook Entrance
Port Etches 10/1/2016 - 6/16/2017
Port Etches 9/7/2017 - 5/12/2018
Port Etches 5/15/2018 - 9/30/2018
Zaikof Bay 10/1/2018 - 7/25/2019
Zaikof Bay 10/1/2019 - 5/29/2020

Resurrection Bay
6/7/2018 - 10/2/2018
10/2/2018 - 5/27/2019
5/27/2019 - 9/22/2019
9/22/2019 - 5/31/2020

References

Attributes

Overview

This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
All attributes are included in the downloadable file (CSV or ESRI File Geodatabase) for "Complete Set of Dataset".

Attributes in dataset

Attribute (table column)Description
oidUnique ID number (generated by OBIS-SEAMAP)
locationLocation
latitudeApproximate latitude of stationary acoustic device
longitudeApproximate longitude of stationary acoustic device
dateDate of the detection
timeTime is not recorded
killer_whales_detectedFlag to indicate killer whales detected (1) or not (0)
speciesSpecies name
sp_tsnTaxonomic Serial Number added by OBIS-SEAMAP
obs_countPresence (blank) or absence (0)
geomGeometry field added by OBIS-SEAMAP
OBIS-SEAMAP ID2158
Seabirds0
Marine mammals3,003
Sea turtles0
Rays and sharks0
Other species0
Non spatial0
Non species0
Total3,003
Date, Begin2016-10-01
Date, End2020-05-31
Temporal prec.111000
Latitude59.70 - 60.30
Longitude-149.60 - -147.00
Coord. prec.1 decimal digits
PlatformStation
Data typeAcoustic - presence
EffortN/A
Traveled (km)0
0
Contr. through
Registered2021-08-06
Updated2021-08-10
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY-NC (All)
Also available in OBIS
GBIF (via DOI)
See metadata in static HTML
See metadata in FGDC XML
See download history / statistics