Minke whale localized acoustic detections off Kauai

Regina A. Guazzo, Naval Information Warfare Center Pacific

Dataset credit

Naval Information Warfare Center Pacific

Contacts

RoleNameOrganization 
Primary contact Regina Guazzo Naval Information Warfare Center Pacific
Data entry Ei Fujioka Duke University

Citation

Martin, C. R., Guazzo, R. A., Helble, T. A., Alongi, G. C., Durbach, I. N., Martin, S. W., Matsuyama, B. M., & Henderson, E. E. 2022. Minke whales call rapidly when calling conspecifics are nearby. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Abstract

Minke whale boing calls are commonly detected in Hawaiian waters. When
vocalizing, minke whales seem to be in one of two calling behavioral states.
Most often minke whales produce boings with inter-call intervals of several
minutes, but sometimes minke whales call rapidly with inter-call intervals
of less than a minute. Since minke whales are difficult to detect visually,
cue rate based density estimation using passive acoustic monitoring
has been proposed. However, the variables that influence cue rate or
calling rate are poorly understood in most whales including minke whales.
We collected passive acoustic recordings from 47 bottom-mounted
hydrophones at the Pacific Missile Range Facility’s instrumented range off
the coast of Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi to test the hypothesis that minke whales call
more rapidly when closer in proximity to other calling conspecifics. A total
of 599 days of data were recorded between August 2012 and July 2017 and
were automatically post-processed to detect, classify, and localize calls.
Localized calls were automatically tracked and manually validated,
resulting in 509 individual tracks composed of 36,033 calls within a 16x39
km study area. Tracked minke whales exhibited a strong bimodal call rate
with means of one call every 6.85 min (SD = 2.54 min) and 0.63 min (SD =
0.36 min). We ran hidden Markov models to quantify the relationship
between call rate and the distance to the nearest calling conspecific.
Overall, the probability of the higher call rate occurring increased as the
distance to the nearest conspecific decreased, and the probability of the
lower call rate occurring increased as the distance to the nearest
conspecific increased. We also examined individual track data and found
that minke whales may also exhibit other responses (i.e. increased speed,
changes in heading, and cessation of calling) when calling conspecifics are
nearby. These findings provide new information about minke whale calling
behavior on what are likely their breeding grounds.

Purpose

N/A

Supplemental information

The monitoring effort of each of the hydrophones in the array is the same and
the hydrophone locations are rounded and approximate.

References

Martin, C. R., Guazzo, R. A., Helble, T. A., Alongi, G. C., Durbach, I. N., Martin, S. W., Matsuyama, B. M., & Henderson, E. E. 2022. Minke whales call rapidly when calling conspecifics are nearby. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Attributes

Overview

This section explains attributes included in the original dataset. OBIS-SEAMAP restricts the attributes available to the public to date/time, lat/lon and species names/counts only. Should you need other attributes described here, you are encouraged to contact the data provider.

Attributes described below represent those in the original dataset provided by the provider.
Only minimum required attributes are visible and downloadable online. Other attributes may be obtained upon provider's permission.

Attributes in dataset

Attribute (table column)Description
oidUnique ID number (generated by OBIS-SEAMAP)
speciesSpecies scientific name
sp_tsnTaxonomic Serial Number added by OBIS-SEAMAP
obs_countNumber of animals (always 1) added by OBIS-SEAMAP
latitudeLatitude of site in decimal degrees
longitudeLongitude of site in decimal degrees
juliantimeofemissionDate/time of emission in Julian time, Matlab datenum format UTC
datestringtimeofemissionDate/time of emission UTC
datetimeofemissionDate/time of emission UTC
tracknumTrack number
distancetonearestneighbor_10minDistance to the closest calling conspecific within the last 10 min
distancetonearestneighbor_20minDistance to the closest calling conspecific within the last 20 min
distancetonearestneighbor_30minDistance to the closest calling conspecific within the last 30 min
geomGeometry field added by OBIS-SEAMAP
OBIS-SEAMAP ID2190
Seabirds0
Marine mammals223,732
Sea turtles0
Rays and sharks0
Other species0
Non spatial0
Non species0
Total223,732
Date, Begin2012-11-27
Date, End2017-05-10
Temporal prec.111111
Latitude22.01 - 23.02
Longitude-160.28 - -159.59
Coord. prec.6 decimal digits
PlatformStation
Data typeAcoustic - presence
EffortYES (ID: 2191)
Traveled (km)0
Travel hours675,905
Contr. through
Registered2022-05-31
Updated2022-07-01
StatusPublished
Sharing policy CC-BY-NC (Minimum)
Shared with GBIF (via DOI)
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See metadata in FGDC XML
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